Scientific Name: Panthera tigris
IUCN Status: Endangered
Weight: 220-660 pounds
The tiger is the world’s largest cat. The tiger is traditionally classified into 9 subspecies (Bengal, Amur or Siberian-largest at 13ft or 4m long from head to tail, Sumatran-critically endangered, Mayan, Indochinese or Corbett, South China-extinct in the wild) , 3 of which are extinct (Javan, Balinese, Caspian). The tiger’s ground color varies from pale yellow to rich red with white underparts. They are the only cats that are all striped.
Though rare, the white tiger is a naturally occurring color variant of the Bengal subspecies.
The tiger is an immensely powerful predator, adapted to overpower prey as large or larger than itself. Tigers typically focus on ungulates and wild boar.
Tigers are largely unseasonal in their tropical and subtropical ranges. Gestation lasts 95-107 days with a litter size of 2-5 cubs.