The Eurasian Lynx
Scientific Name: Lynx lynx
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Weight: 18-66 pounds
There are as many as 9 subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx are described. There are some genetic differences between the European populations, suggesting 3 subspecies – Carpathian, Balkan and Northern Lynx. The Eurasian Lynx is the largest species by a considerable margin, weighing twice as much as the Canadian Lynx. Like all lynx, they have a relatively light build with elongated legs and large feet, and a very short black tipped tail. The hind limbs are longer than the front. The paws are densely covered in fur during the winter.
The Eurasian Lynx is the only species in the genus that specializes in ungulates. It is capable of killing prey the size of an adult red deer. However, their staple diet consists of small to mid-sized ungulates.
Seasonal breeders, mating occurs in February through mid-April, with a peak season in March. Gestation lasts 67-74 days; litter size can be 1-4 kittens, but is typically 2.