The Snow Leopard

Scientific Name: Panthera uncia
IUCN Status: Endangered
Weight: 60-165 pounds



The snow leopard is the smallest member of the genus Panthera, averaging 4 feet in body length. The deep chest and forequarters are muscular, and the legs are relatively short and robust with very large feet. The tubular tail is thickly muscled and proportionally and is the longest tail of any felid. The head is small, broad and rounded, with a short muzzle and high domed forehead caused by enlarged nasal cavities that are believed to assist with breathing at high altitudes.


Ungulates such as Siberian ibex and blue sheep constitute the most common prey items, along with musk deer, roe deer, and wild boar. In spring and summer months, small prey such as marmots, rabbits, moles, hamsters, and game birds are included.


Little information exists from the wild, but reproduction is most likely seasonal, with births occurring from April through June. Gestation lasts 90-105 days, and litters average 2-3 cubs.