The Serval

Scientific Name: Leptailurus serval
IUCN Status: Least Concern (Sub-Saharan Africa), Critically Endangered (North Africa)
Weight: 20-50 pounds

Serval_Portrait

Description:

Seven subspecies are currently described but are questionable; they are based largely on color differences and spotting which vary considerably within populations. The serval is a tall, medium sized slender cat with very long legs and a short tail measuring about a third of its body length.

Prey:

Servals specialize in hunting small mammals in long-grass habitats. Rodents and shrews comprise at least three quarters of their diet. Small grassland birds are also important to the Serval’s diet. Reptiles and amphibians are opportunistically eaten.

Biology:

Servals breed year round. Gestation is 65-75 days, and litters average 2-3 kittens. Exceptionally, up to 6 kittens have been born in captivity.