The Puma

Scientific Name: Puma concolor
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Weight: 75-250 pounds

 

Puma_Portrait

Description:

The puma is a cat known by many names; cougar, mountain lion, panther, red tiger, silver lion, and catamount. Genetic analysis show 3 distinct geographical groups, making up 6 recognized subspecies. The puma is the largest of the purring cats, with a large head and neck, heavily built forequarters, slender hind quarters, and muscular limbs. The long tubular tail measures two thirds of its body length and is distinctive.

Prey:

Prey varies throughout the puma’s range, from small mammals and birds up to large deer, alpaca, wild pigs, mountain goats, and elk.

Biology:

Pumas breed year round and cubs can be born in any month, however in colder parts of its range, winter births are uncommon. Gestation lasts 82-98 days, averaging 92 days. Litters average 2-3 cubs, but they can have up to 6.