Scientific Name: Lepardus pardalis
IUCN Status: Least Concern (South and Central America), Critically Endangered (Texan Ocelot Subspecies)
Weight: 18-45 pounds
The ocelot shows high genetic diversity across its range with four distinct population clusters. 10 subspecies are currently described. The ocelot is the third largest cat in Latin America. Ocelots are built with thick limbs and a relatively short, tail. The head is powerfully built with a blocky muzzle.
Their muscular build and skull adaptations enable the ocelot to overpower large prey items including sloths and howler monkeys, however the ocelot generally sustains itself on small mammals, and birds.
The ocelot has a very low reproductive rate with a fairly long gestation. Breeding is seasonal, and gestation is 79-82 days. Litter size is usually only 1 or 2 kittens.