The Leopard

Scientific Name: Panthera pardus
IUCN Status: Endangered
Weight: 46-165 pounds



Encompassing nine subspecies, the leopard is the most widely distributed of all the big cats. The leopard is a powerful cat with very muscular hind quarters and a long tail. Background colors vary from shades of creamy yellow, buff grey, orange, tawny-brown and dark rufous-brown. The body is covered with densely packed rosettes, each a cluster of small spots. The black spotted leopard is a variance in color, and is a recessive trait which occurs widely and is usually associated with humid subtropical climates.


The leopard is renowned for its ability to exploit an extreme variety of prey species. Due to its vast range the leopard has the most diverse diet of any feline, including mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles totaling over 200 different prey items.


Leopards can breed year round. Gestation is 90-106 days. Litters usually number 1-3 cubs, though they can number up to 6.